Some Lesser Known Facts About Bhagat Singh
- Did Bhagat Singh smoke?: Not Known
- Did Bhagat Singh drink alcohol?: Not Known
- Bhagat Singh’s ancestral home is located in Khatkar Kalan in Nawanshahr district of Punjab.
- Bhagat Singh was born the same day when his father and uncle were acquitted from the jail. His father and uncle were also freedom fighters and were sent to prison for taking part in India’s freedom movement.
- He was born in the house which is located in Chak No. 105 GB, Banga village, Jaranwala Tehsil in the Lyallpur district of the Punjab Province of British India (now in Pakistan).
- He was an ardent follower of Kartar Singh Sarabha, who was a leader of the Ghadar Party and an active participant in the Indian Freedom Struggle, and who also became a martyr of India at the very early age of 19.
- When he was 12 years old, he visited the Jallianwala Bagh after the massacre and took mud in a bottle, which had blood stains of the people killed in the barbaric mass murder. He used to carry that bottle with him everywhere he used to go.
- On 21 February 1921, he, along with the villagers, took part in the protest against the killing of a significant number of people at Gurudwara Nankana Sahib.
- In 1923, when he was in his college, National College (Lahore), he used to take part in dramatics and writing competitions. He also won an essay competition in which he had written on the topic, “The problems in Punjab due to Freedom struggle in India.”
- He was very much fond of reading books, and at the very young age of 21, he had read about fifty books, which includes the books of Ram Prasad Bismil, and many Russian and European writers.
- He was also an adherent of the great Indian Leader, Mahatma Gandhi, but after Gandhi Ji called off the non-co-operation movement, he refused to follow the path of Non-Violence and decided to join the revolutionary group of youths.
- In 1926, he started the Naujawan Bharat Sabha and appealed to youngsters to participate in the struggle for freedom. Also, in 1928, he reorganised the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), which includes leaders like Ram Prasad Bismil, Chandra Shekhar Azad, Bhagwati Charan Vohra, Sukhdev, Rajguru, and Shahid Ashfaqullah Khan.
- In May 1927, he got arrested by the policemen on the pretext that he had been involved in a bombing that had taken place in Lahore in October 1926, and later released on a surety of Rs. 60,000 five weeks after his arrest.
- In 1927, after he got bail from the jail, he started writing for the Urdu and the Punjabi newspapers, which were published in Amritsar. He also used to write for the journal of the Kirti Kisan Party known as ‘Kirti’, and also for the Veer Arjun newspaper.
- In 1928, he was very much affected by the death of Lala Lajpat Rai and decided to take its revenge by killing the superintendent of police, James A. Scott, who had ordered lathi charge during the protest of Rai, after which, Rai died of a Heart attack.
- He had mistakenly killed an assistant police officer, John P. Saunders, considering the police officer as James A. Scott, whom they want to kill to take the revenge of Lala Ji’s death. Also, Chandrashekhar Azad, who was accompanying him in the plan, shot a police constable, Chanan Singh, who had tried to catch both of them. A report mentioned that there were eight bullets found in the body of the dead police officer.
- After killing the police officer, he escaped from Lahore to Howrah, along with HSRA member, Bhagwati Charan Vohra’s wife Durgavati Devi, who helped Bhagat Singh to disguise himself as a married man as the police were searching for an unmarried Sikh boy.
- On 8 April 1929, he planned another major attack on the self-esteem of Britishers. He, along with his contemporary member of HSRA, Batukeshwar Dutt, threw two bombs into the Assembly chamber from a public gallery, and both of them, instead of escaping from the place, kept on distributing the pamphlets which inscribed ‘Long Live Revolution (Inquilab Zindabad)’ and then, surrendered themselves in front of the police authority.
- The case of the murder of the John P. Saunders (aka the Lahore Conspiracy Case ) was reopened after Singh’s arrest at Assembly Chamber, and he was sent to Borstal Jail in Lahore. After various hearing of this case, he, along with Rajguru and Sukhdev, was sentenced to death.
- In 1929, while in prison, he, along with his fellow prisoner Jatin Das, went on to a hunger strike to protest against the prison authorities as they discriminated the Indian prisoners over others. Reportedly, they used to serve the Indian prisoners perished food and torn clothes.
- His fellow prisoner, Jatin Das, who had supported his hunger strike, died after 64 days of hunger strike, while Bhagat Singh continued his strike till 116 days and stopped it on his father’s plea.
- His writings such as his own written diary, Bhagat Singh’s Jail diary (now converted in a book), a book- Canadian Society & Culture, and some of his hand-written articles/document are still kept preserved under archive department.
- Bhagat Singh’s death sentence, along with Rajguru and Sukhdev, which was slated to be executed on 24 March 1931, was preponed by the officials, and all the three were executed on 23rd March 1931, at 7:30 PM. The news of their death was not made public to avoid any ruckus, and his body was secretly cremated outside Ganda Singh Wala village, and their ashes were thrown into the Sutlej river.
- During his last days in prison, he became a canonical atheist. Once, a devout person asked his differences with the god; he replied to him that ‘ I never afraid of death that’s why’. He had also described his reason for being an atheist in his book- ‘Why I am an Atheist An Autobiographical Discourse.’
- The Place where he was hanged and cremated has become a part of Pakistan after the partition of India.
- Various Films were also made on the life of Bhagat Singh, some of them are- The Legend of Bhagat Singh (2002), 23rd March 1931: Shaheed (2002), Shaahed-E-Azam (2002), Shaheed (1965), and many more.
- Here is the video of actor Piyush Mishra, in which he had expressed his unusual opinion about Bhagat Singh.
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