Rani Lakshmibai Age, Caste, Husband, Children, Family, Story & Biography

Rani Lakshmibai


Real NameManikarnika Tambe (Born)
NicknameManu Bai
Profession Queen
Personal Life
Date of Birth19 November 1828
Birth PlaceVaranasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
Date of Death18 June 1858
Place of DeathKotah ki Serai, near Gwalior, India
Age (at the time of death)29 Years
Death CauseMartyrdom
Zodiac sign/Sun signScorpio
HometownBithoor district, Cawnpore (now Kanpur), Uttar Pradesh, India
FamilyFather- Moropant Tambe
Mother- Bhagirathi Sapre
Brother- Not Known
Sister- Not Known
Father-in-Law- Subedar Shivram Bhau
CasteMarathi Brahmin
HobbiesHorse Riding, Fencing & Shooting
Boys, Affairs and More
Marital StatusWidowed (at The time of death)
Husband/SpouseMaharaja Gangadhar Rao Newalkar
Rani Lakshmibai Husband Gangadhar Rao Newalkar
Marriage Date19 May 1842
ChildrenSon- Damodar Rao (adopted child)
Daughter- None

Rani Lakshmibai

Some Lesser Known Facts About Rani Lakshmibai

  • Rani Lakshmibai was born in Kashi (now Varanasi) into a Marathi Brahmin family. Her father, Moropant Tambe, was an adviser in Peshwa court of Bithoor district of Uttar Pradesh and her mother, Bhagirathi Sapre, was a religious lady.
  • Her mother died when she was just four years old, and after that, her father has taken care of her and brought her to Bithoor, where he was working.
  • Her father raised her with unconditional support and motivated him to learn horse riding, fencing, and shooting.
  • She was fond of horse riding and had two mares named Sarangi and Pavan, and one horse called, Badal.
  • She grew up with Nana Sahib (aka Nana Rao Peshwa) and Tantia Tope, who later helped her during the revolt of 1857. Tantia Tope  Nana Rao Peshwa
  • In 1842, at the age of fourteen, she got married to a Forty years old ruler, Gangadhar Rao Newalkar, who was the then Maharaja of Jhansi.  Rani Lakshmibai Husband Gangadhar Rao Newalkar
  • Earlier, her kingdom of Jhansi where she ruled was also known as ‘Jhainsi’ (means rather indistinct).
  • After marriage, she was named as ‘Lakshmibai,’ where ‘Lakshmi’ word depicts the name of a goddess of wealth and ‘bai’ was the title given to a Rani or a Maharani.
  • It is said that the temple where they both got married is located in Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh and has a great historical importance among local people.

  • In the year 1851, she gave birth to a baby boy named Damodar Rao, who died from a chronic illness after four months of his birth.
  • Before the death of her husband, she adopted the son of Gangadhar Rao’s cousin and named him after her first son’s name Damodar Rao.
  • It is said that Gangadhar Rao was not able to recover from his son’s death and died because of his deteriorated health in the year 1853.
  • Rani Lakshmibai was only 25 years old at the time of her husband’s death, and after him she became the Rani of Jhansi and wanted his son, Damodar Rao, to rule the dominion of Jhansi.
  • After the death of her husband, Britishers found an easy way to occupy the region of Jhansi. In March 1854, the British Government had given her an annual pension of 60,000 rupees and ordered her to leave the fort.
  • The then Governor-General of British India, Lord Dalhousie had applied the Doctrine of Lapse and mentioned that as per the law, Damodar Rao has no rights over the throne of Jhansi as he was the adopted child of Gangadhar Rao.  Lord Dalhousie
  • As per the sources, On 8 June 1854, an advocate from Australian origin named John Lang had filed a petition against the Lord Dalhousie’s Doctrine of Lapse. A self potrait of John Lang
  • In the year 2009, a letter written in the Persian Language was found in the British Library in England, which is said to be written by Rani Lakshmibai herself. As per the sources, in the letter, she has mentioned about the deceitful tricks of Lord Dalhousie in annexing her sovereign State of Jhansi.
  • To fought against the British Military, she had assembled the army of 14000 rebellions, which includes many brave warriors like Tantia Tope, Nana Rao Peshwa, Gulam Gaus Khan, Dost Khan, Khuda Baksh, Deewan Raghunath Singh, Deewan Jawahar Singh and women warriors such as Jalkari bai, Sundar-Mundar, and many more.
  • In 1857, she started a revolt against the Britishers and proclaimed with rage ‘Mai Apni Jhansi Nahi Dungi’ (“I will not let go my Jhansi”).  She bravely fought the Britishers with her son, Damodar Rao tied on her back and with swords both in her hands. Portrait of Rani Lakshmibai and her Son in the battle field
  • On 17 June, in Kotah ki Serai, a large contingent of British troops, commanded by General Smith, fought with Rani’s rebellious army. According to sources, after gallantly fighting against the Britishers, finally, she succumbed to her injuries. However, Rani wanted her body not to be discovered by the British troops so, few army men took her to the nearby Gangadas Mutt where, after her death, she was cremated by a hermit. At the time of her death, she was reportedly 29 years old.

  • After her death, as per a British report of the battle, Hugh Rose, a senior British Army officer, described her as smart, beautiful, and as most dangerous leader of Indian freedom struggle.
  • Her resting place got converted into a tributary place and known as ‘Samadhi Sthal of Rani Lakshmibai’, situated in Gwalior city of Madhya Pradesh. Rani Lakshmibai Samadhi Sthal
  • On May 2010, a picture of a queen issued on a postcard in the memory of Rani Lakshmibai martyrdom. In fact, the image published on Postcard was not of the Rani Lakshmibai but was of the Sultan Jehan Begum, the queen of Bhopal, and since then, that picture has been used by various publications as the picture of Rani of Jhansi, Lakhsmibai.  Picture of Sultan Jehan Begum on the Postcard
  • A Famous ballad, ‘Khoob Ladi Mardani, Wo to Jhansi Wali Rani Thi’, written by Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, is itself an epitome of writing. The song always makes people feel jingoistic as well as nostalgic for the Indian freedom struggle. Here is the video of the ballad, which was sung by the famous classical Indian singer, Shubha Mudgal in the Parliament on the celebration of 150 years of the 1st freedom movement.  Subhadra Kumari Chauhan

  • Here is the video, which shows each and every corner of the fort of Jhansi.

  • There are various movies, which depicts the life of Rani Lakshmibai. Some of them are Jhansi Ki Rani Laxmibai (2012), Jhansi Ki Rani (1953), and many more.

  • In 2018, a Bollywood film titled, ‘Manikarnika’ was made, which was inspired by the life of Rani Lakshmibai in which her character was played by Kangana Ranaut. Manikarnika