Wife: Lovely Anand
Age: 69 Years
Hometown: Saharsa, Bihar
|Full name||Anand Mohan Singh Tomar|
|Profession(s)||Former Don, Politician|
|Physical Stats & More|
|Height (approx.)||in centimeters- 170 cm
in meters- 1.70 m
in feet & inches- 5’ 7”
|Eye Colour||Dark Brown|
|Political Party||• Janata Dal (JD) (1980s-1993)
• Bihar People’s Party (BPP) (1993-2004)
• Samata Party (SAP)
• All India Rashtriya Janata Party (AIRJP)
• Janata Dal (United)
• Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD)
|Political Journey||• Became a member of the Janata Dal in the late 1980s
• Contested and won the legislative assembly elections in 1990 from the Mahishi constituency on JD's ticket.
• Left the membership of JD in 1993 and founded Bihar People's Party (BPP) in the same year.
• Became a member of the Samta Party (SAP)
• Contested and won the general elections in 1996 from the Sheohar constituency on SAP's ticket.
• Left SAP and became a member of the All India Rashtriya Janata Party (AIRJP).
• Contested and won the general elections in 1998 from the Sheohar constituency on AIRJP's ticket.
• Became a member of the Ministry of Power's Consultative Committee.
• Renounced his membership of AIRJP.
• Contested and lost the general elections in 1999 from the Sheohar constituency on BPP's ticket.
• Contested and lost the general elections in 2004 from the Sheohar constituency on BPP's ticket.
• He amalgamated BPP with the Indian National Congress in 2004.
|Date of Birth||28 January 1954 (Thursday)|
|Age (as of 2023)||69 Years|
|Birthplace||Pachgachhia village, Saharsa district, Bihar, India|
|Hometown||Saharsa, Bihar, India|
|Educational Qualification||12th pass MyNeta
Note: He dropped out of college to join politics and did not complete his graduation.
|Caste||Tomar Rajput ABP|
|Address||House number 166-B, Patliputra, Patna-800001, Bihar, India|
|Controversies||Cases in which he was accused
• 17 charges related to Attempt to murder (IPC Section-307)11 charges related to theft (IPC Section-379)
• 6 charges related to Voluntarily causing hurt by dangerous weapons or means (IPC Section-324)
• 5 charges related to Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by dangerous weapons or means (IPC Section-326)
• 5 charges related to Kidnapping or abducting in order to murder (IPC Section-364)
• 3 charges related to Murder (IPC Section-302)
• 1 charge related to dacoity (IPC Section-395)
• 15 charges related to Punishment for Rioting (IPC Section-147)
• 11 charges related to Rioting, armed with a deadly weapon (IPC Section-148)
• 11 charges related to Every member of unlawful assembly guilty of an offence committed in prosecution of a common object (IPC Section-149)
• 6 charges related to wrongful restraint (IPC Section-341)
• 5 charges related to voluntarily causing hurt (IPC Section-323)
• 5 charges related to Joining unlawful assembly armed with a deadly weapon (IPC Section-144)
• 5 charges related to House-trespass after preparation for hurt, assault or wrongful restraint (IPC Section-452)
• 3 charges related to Punished for mischief (IPC Section-426)
• 2 charges related to Mischief causing damage to the amount of fifty rupees (IPC Section-427)
• 2 charges related to Disobedience to order duly promulgated by a public servant (IPC Section-188)
• 2 charges related to wrongful Confinement (IPC Section-342)
• 2 charges related to Intentional insult with intent to provoke breach of the peace (IPC Section-504)
• 2 charges related to Mischief by fire or explosive substance with intent to destroy a house, etc. (IPC Section-436)
• 1 charge related to Resistance or obstruction by a person to his lawful apprehension (IPC Section-224)
• 1 charge related to Resistance or obstruction to lawful apprehension of another person (IPC Section-225)
• 1 charge related to Causing hurt by an act endangering the life or personal safety of others (IPC Section-337)
• 1 charge related to Voluntarily causing hurt to extort property, or to constrain to an illegal act (IPC Section-327)
• 1 charge related to Criminal breach of trust by carrier, etc. (IPC Section-407)
• 1 charge related to House-trespass in order to commit an offence punishable with death (IPC Section-449)
• 1 charge related to Assault or criminal force to deter a public servant from discharge of his duty (IPC Section-353)
• 1 charge related to attempting to commit offences punishable with imprisonment for life or other imprisonments (IPC Section-511)
• 1 charge related to Criminal intimidation by an anonymous communication (IPC Section-507)
• 1 charge related to Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to deter a public servant from his duty (IPC Section-333)
• 1 charge related to Dishonest or fraudulent removal or concealment of property (IPC Section-424)
• 1 charge related to Voluntarily causing hurt in committing robbery (IPC Section-394)
• 1 charge related to house trespass (IPC Section-448)
• 1 charge related to Abettor present when an offence is committed (IPC Section-114)
Murdering an IAS officer
In December 1994, Chottan Shukla, a feared gangster and a member of the BPP, was murdered in Muzaffarpur. According to some sources, he was neutralised by the cops in an encounter, while some other sources noted that he was killed by a rival gang. His funeral procession was attended by many people who supported him, and it was led by Anand Mohan Singh and Lovely Anand. The Bihar Police’s Intelligence Wing recorded a video of the procession in which Anand was seen instigating the crowd against the then DM and SP of Muzaffarpur. On 5 December 1994, G. Krishnaiah, the then DM of Gopalganj, was going to Gopalganj via Muzaffarpur, where the agitated mob protesting against the killing of Chottan stopped Krishnaiah’s car. The mob then started throwing rocks at the DM's car as a result of which he had to step out of the vehicle to persuade the protestors to let him through; however, the protestors did not listen to him and attacked him ferociously and injured him. Bhutkun Shukla, Chottan's younger brother, killed the injured IAS officer by shooting him thrice in the head. Thereafter, the Bihar government ordered a probe into the murder of the government official, and the Bihar Police registered a case against Anand and Lovely. On 3 October 2007, the Patna District Court gave the death penalty to Anand Mohan after Bihar Police proved his involvement in the murder of G. Krishnaiah. The death penalty was overturned by the Patna High Court in 2008 after litigation was filed by Anand. Anand filed a plea in the Supreme Court in 2012 against the decision of the PHC; however, the plea was quashed by the apex court, upholding the decision of the life sentence of PHC. DNA Hindustan Times
Anand was set free from jail on 27 April 2023 after the Bihar government, led by Nitish Kumar, brought some changes to the clauses listed in the Bihar Police Jail Manual 2012. On 24 April 2023, the state government's law department issued a notice, notifying the authorities that as per the new amendments, Anand and 26 other prisoners shall be released from jail . The official notification of the department read,
"In the light of the Bihar state sentence remission council meeting on April 20, 2023, the decision was taken for the release of prisoners having served actual sentence of 14 years or sentence of 20 years with remission."
As soon as the government issued the notice, it came under flank from many politicians, who criticised the move. Mayawati, the BSP leader, while giving an interview, said,
"In my entire career, I have never gone through such a change in the jail manual; this is unprecedented, not only in Bihar but in India as well. I am going to challenge the amendment in Patna High Court through PIL, my lawyer is already drafting the petition. I was trying to convince Ms. Uma Krishnaiah, the widow of G. Krishnaiah to file a PIL against the amendment but she was threatened by Anand Mohan’s gang and she refused to come to Bihar. Anand Mohan should be back at Saharsa jail. Any amendment should be in public interest rather than for any individual. He is not Nelson Mandela. Anand Mohan has committed a cold blooded murder of a serving IAS officer. To save a murderer, Nitish Kumar is amending the rule which is mala fide. It will not stand in the court."
Later, Uma, wife of the slain IAS officer, expressed her displeasure over the actions of the Bihar government and asked Prime Minister Narendra Modi to look into the issue. The IAS Association also wrote a letter to Chief Minister Nitish Kumar asking him to change the decision. The association also said that it was exploring legal ways through which the order can be put on hold. Uma, while giving an interview, said,
"Nitish Kumar is setting a horrible precedent by releasing a person convicted of murder. It will embolden criminals to attack government officials because they know they can easily get out of prison. For just a few Rajput votes, he has taken a decision that has so many consequences for the common people. The Rajput community should think over this – whether they want a criminal like Anand Mohan to represent them in politics."
|Relationships & More|
|Marriage Date||14 March 1991|
|Wife/Spouse||Lovely Anand (politician, former MP)
Note: Wife's image in Children's section.
• Chetan Anand Singh (politician, MLA in Bihar Legislative Assembly)
• Anshuman Mohan (politician)
• Surbhi Anand Singh (advocate)
|Parents||Father- Sachidanand Singh (deceased)
Mother- Geeta Devi
|Other Relatives||Grandfather- Ram Bahadur Singh Tomar (deceased; freedom fighter)
Father-in-Law- Maanik Prasad Singh (freedom fighter)
|Car Collection||• Hindustan Ambassador
• Tata Sumo
• Cash: Rs. 50,000
• Jewellery (250-gram gold, 500-gram silver, and 5 Carat Diamond): Rs. 3,66,000
• Agricultural Land: Rs. 3,00,000
• Non-Agricultural Land: Rs. 3,00,000
Note: The given estimates of movable and immovable assets are according to the year 2004. It excludes the assets owned by his wife and dependents (minor). MyNeta
|Net Worth (approx.)||Rs. 3,57,215
Note: The net worth was for the fiscal year 2004. It excludes the net worth of his wife and dependents (minors).
Some Lesser Known Facts About Anand Mohan Singh
- Anand Mohan Singh is an Indian politician who was jailed in 2007 after being convicted of the murder of G. Krishnaiah. Anand has served in the Bihar Vidhan Sabha as an MLA and in the Parliament of India as an MP. He was set free on 27 April 2023 after the Bihar government tweaked the rules in the Bihar Police Jail Manuals 2012 and notified the authorities for the release of 27 prisoners, including Anand.
- Anand was born into a Bihari farmer family belonging to the middle-income group.
- Anand worked as an editor of Kranti Doot, a magazine, in 1972.
- Anand Mohan quit his graduation in 1974 to participate in the Sampoorna Kranti (Total Revolution) led by the activist Jayaprakash Narayan, also known as JP Narayan, against the declaration of emergency in 1975 by the then Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi.
- In 1975, Anand was imprisoned by the law enforcement authorities under the Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA). He remained in prison till the end of the emergency, i.e., till 1977.
- He became known as a strongman in Bihar, especially in the Saharsa-Supaul belt, after he led a black flag match against Morarji Desai, the then Prime Minister of India, when he visited Bihar in the late 1970s.
- His power as a Bahubali in Bihar continued to increase in the 1980s. He, along with his gang, began undertaking criminal activities in the state such as extorting money from politicians as well as businessmen, which resulted in the Bihar law enforcement agencies registering numerous cases against him. In 1983, he approached the court of law and surrendered himself to the authorities following which he was imprisoned for three months. Despite being imprisoned, he continued to further his nefarious activities by managing the functioning of his gang from behind bars.
- Anand established the Samajwadi Krantikari Sena in 1980.
- Anand was elected to the Vidhan Sabha in 1990 after receiving 97,032 votes.
- Anand quit Janata Dal (JD) in 1993 after the party supported putting into effect the recommendations made by the Mandal Commission, which led to a difference of opinion between Anand and the senior party leadership as a result of which the differences between them increased.
- Anand entered the parliament as a member for the first time in 1996 after he won the general elections by receiving 3,34,994 votes. As per several sources, he contested and won the elections while imprisoned.
- In 1998, he was re-elected as an MP after he won the general elections by receiving 2,89,830 votes.
- He was not elected to the Lok Sabha in 1999 as he was defeated by 2,535 votes by a Janata Dal candidate named Md Anwarul Haque.
- From 2007 to 2023, Anand Mohan, while lodged in jail, published three books, Qaid Mein Azad Kalam (Pen is Free in Captivity), Gandhi (Cactus Ke Phool), and Swadhin Abhivyakti (Free Expressions). He also penned a chapter titled Parvat Purush – Dashrath, a part of an anthology titled Madhurika. The chapter was taught to the students of Class VIII studying in the CBSE schools.
- After the Bhagalpur Central Jail authorities separated Anand Mohan Singh, Akhlaq Ahmed, and Arun Kumar, all on death row for murdering G. Krishnaiah, Anand Mohan went on indefinite fasting. Anand also accused the jail authorities of mistreating him by forcing him to sleep on the floor and feeding him poorly cooked food. Responding to the allegations, a seniors jail authority said,
As per the jail manual, a convict sentenced to death had to sleep on the ground. The convict was only provided with two blankets and was given a simple food.”
- The residents of Pachgachhia village call him messiah for his helpful attitude towards them. Rediff
- Anand Mohan Singh knows how to ride a horse.
- Anand Mohan Singh has worked with the Akhil Bhartiya Kshatriya Mahasabha as its national vice president.