|Full Name||Subhas Chandra Bose|
|Profession||Politician, Military Leader, Civil Service officer & Freedom Fighter|
|Political Party|| Indian National Congress (1921-1939)
All India Forward Block (1939-1940)
|Political Journey||• President of All India National Congres (1923)
• Secretary of Bengal State Congress (1923)
• General secretary of the Congress (1927)
• Mayor of Calcutta (1930)
|Famous Slogans||'Tum Mujhe Khoon Do, Main Tumhe Azadi Dunga'
'Ittefaq, Etemad, Qurbani'
|Physical Stats & More|
|Height (approx.)||in centimeters- 179 cm
in meters- 1.79 m
in feet inches- 5’ 9”
|Weight (approx.)||in kilograms- 75 kg
in pounds- 165 lbs
|Hair Colour||Salt & Pepper (semi-bald)|
|Date of Birth||23 January 1897|
|Date of Death||18 August 1948 (As per Japanese News Agency)|
|Cause of death||Not confirmed (According to multiple sources- Plane crashed in Taipei, Taiwan)|
|Age (at the time of death)||48 Years|
|Birth Place||Cuttack, Odisha, India|
|Hometown||Cuttack, Odisha, India
|School||A Protestant European School
Ravenshaw Collegiate School, Cuttack, Odisha, India
|College/University||Presidency College/Scottish Church College/Fitzwilliam College|
|Educational Qualification||Bachelor of Arts (B.A)|
|Family||Father- Janakinath Bose
Mother- Prabhavati Devi
Brother- Sharat Chandra Bose and 6 more
|Hobbies||Reading & Writing|
|Controversies||• Subhas Chandra Bose always stood up for Self-Governance (Swaraj). The ideology of Netaji to use force against Britishers was not much praised by Mahatma Gandhi, as he was a firm believer in Non-Violence & Satyagraha. Hence, it resulted in splitting up of Indian National Congress (INC) in the year 1939. On 22 June 1939, Subhas Chandra Bose formed 'Forward bloc', which was a faction of the Indian National Congress.
• Netaji also established his own bank named 'Azad Hind Bank', which has its own denomination of 1, 10, 100, 1000 & 1 lakh. It was established to utilize the bank's services for the operations of the Azad Hind Fauj and total donation made was approximately 63.7 kgs of gold. The money got collected remains a mystery for a long time but later it was revealed that amount was transferred to Reserve Bank Of India, Kolkata.
|Girls, Affairs and More|
|Marriage Date||year 1937|
Daughter- Anita Bose Pfaff
Some Lesser Known Facts About Subhas Chandra Bose
- Did Subhas Chandra Bose drink alcohol?: Not Known
- Subhas Chandra Bose went to England for further studies and appeared in Indian Civil Services Examination (ICS), where he stood up 4th among six successful candidates. Later in 1921, he resigned from the position, as he did not want to work with British Government.
- He started the newspaper called ‘Swaraj’ and took charge of publicity for the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee. He was also the CEO of Calcutta Municipal Corporation and editor of the newspaper named ‘Forward.’
- After reading so many incidents about the exploitation of the fellow Indians by the British government, in 1916, Subhash reportedly beat and thrashed one of his British teachers E F Otten; as the professor had made a racist remark against the Indian students. Consequently, Subhash Chandra Bose was expelled from the Presidency College and was also banished from the Calcutta University.
- On 16 January 1941, Bose escaped from his Elgin Road House (Calcutta) for Germany via Afghanistan and the Soviet Union, along with his cousin Sishir Kumar Bose. He wore a long overcoat and broad pyjamas (just like a ‘Pathan’) to avoid being recognised. The car he used for his escape was a German-made Wanderer W24 Sedan car (Reg. No. BLA 7169), which is now on display at his Elgin Road House, Kolkata.
- Subhas Chandra Bose took help of the Nazi (Germany) and Imperial Japan, seeking an alliance with each of them to attack the British government in India. With Imperial Japanese assistance, he re-organised and later led the Azad Hind Fauj or Indian National Army (INA), formed with Indian prisoners-of-war and plantation workers from British Malaya, Singapore, and other parts of Southeast Asia, against the British forces.
- Subhas Chandra Bose was born as the 9th child in a family of 14 children.
- He also wrote a book entitled “The Indian Struggle”, which covered India’s independence movement in the years 1920–1934. Although it was published in London in 1935, the British government banned the book in the Indian-colony; out of fears that it would encourage an unrest.
- Wife of Subhas Chandra Bose was introduced to Bose through a mutual friend, Dr. Mathur, an Indian physician living in Vienna. Bose appointed her to typewrite his book. Soon, they fell in love and secretly got married without any witness in 1937. According to his daughter, Emilie Schenkl (Bose’s wife) was a very private woman and never spoke much about her relationship with Subhas Chandra Bose.
- The mystery of the death of Netaji is yet to be resolved, while some sources say he has died in a plane crash in Taipei on 18 August 1945, the other sources say he was killed by the Britishers. Debates about the status of his death has been a hot potato in the media worldwide.
- Major General G.D. Bakshi in his book- “Bose: The Indian Samurai – Netaji and the INA Military Assessment,” said that Bose had not died in a plane crash during his escape from Japan to the Soviet Union. Bose had made three radio broadcasts from Siberia, because of these broadcasts, Britishers came to know that Bose had escaped to the Soviet Union. The Britishers then approached the Soviet authorities and demanded that they must be allowed to interrogate Bose, to this, Soviet authorities accepted their demand and handed over Bose to them. During the interrogation, Bose was tortured to death.
- To confirm the existence of Emilie Schenkl (wife of Netaji), Sarat Chandra Bose (Netaji’s elder brother), wrote a letter to Emilie, in her reply to Sarat Chandra Bose, Emilie wrote a letter dated 26 July 1948.
- Netaji’s daughter, Anita Bose Pfaff, was only four months old when Bose left her with his mother and moved to South-East Asia. Since then, her mother was the only bread-winner in the family. Pfaff was not given her father’s last name on her birth and grew up with the name Anita Schenkl.
- Anita Pfaff worked as a Professor of Economics at the University of Augsburg and got married to Martin Pfaff.
- According to the Japanese news agency Do Trzei, Bose’s body was cremated at the main Taihoku crematorium in August 1945.
- On 23 August 1945, the Japanese news agency- Do Trzei, announced the death of Bose and Shidea (one of his Japanese volunteers). On 7 September 1945, a Japanese officer, Lieutenant Tatsuo Hayashida, carried Bose’s ashes to Tokyo, and the following morning, they were handed to the President of the Tokyo Indian Independence League, Rama Murti.
- On 14 September, a memorial service was held for Bose in Tokyo, and a few days later, the ashes were handed over to the priest of the Renkōji Temple of Nichiren Buddhism in Tokyo. Ever since they (ashes) are still supposed to be there.
- INA, which was established by Netaji, had its separate unit called Rani of Jhansi Regiment (named after Rani Lakshmi Bai), which was headed by Capt. Lakshmi Sahgal. It is considered as a first of its kind in Asia.
- There are various Filmmakers who have tried to paint out the impression of Subhas Chandra Bose in films.
- There are some shreds of evidence found, which would relate a ‘Gumnanmi Baba’to Subhas Chandra Bose. Gumnami Baba spent most of his lifetime in Faizabad (Uttar Pradesh), he was supposed to disguised as Subhas Chandra Bose. It is also said that he never appeared publicly.
- Here is the video of Speech given by Subhas Chandra Bose himself: