|Full Name||Sam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Manekshaw|
|Famous For||Being the first Indian Army officer to be promoted to the rank of Field Marshal|
|Physical Stats & More|
|Height (approx.)||in centimeters- 173 cm
in meters- 1.73 m
in feet inches- 5’ 9”
|Weight (approx.)||in kilograms- 65 kg
in pounds- 143 lbs
|Eye Colour||Dark Brown|
|Years of Service||1932-2008|
|Unit||• Royal Scots
• 12th Frontier Force Regiment
• 5th Gorkha Rifles
• 8th Gorkha Rifles
• 167th Infantry Brigade
• 26th Infantry Division
|Wars/Battles||• World War 2 (1939)
• India Partition War (1947)
• Sino Indian War (1962)
• India Pakistan War (1965)
• India Pakistan War (1971)
|Awards, Honours, and Achievements||• Military Cross (1942)
• Burma Gallantry Award (1942)
• 9 Years Long Service Medal (1944)
• 1939-1945 Star (1945)
• Burma Star (1945)
• War Medal (1945)
• India Service Medal (1945)
• General Service Medal (1947)
• 20 Years Long Service Medal (1955)
• Padma Bhushan (1968)
• Poorvi Star (1971)
• Paschimi Star (1971)
• Padma Vibhushan (1972)
• Sangram Medal (1972)
|Date of Birth||3 April 1914 (Friday)|
|Date of Death||27 June 2008|
|Place of Death||Wellington, Tamil Nadu|
|Age (at the time of death)||94 Years|
|School||Sherwood College, Nainital|
|College/University||• Hindu Sabha College, Amritsar, Punjab
• Indian Military Academy, Dehradun
|Educational Qualification(s)||• Graduation from the Hindu Sabha College, Amritsar, Punjab
• Post Graduation from the Indian Military Academy, Dehradun
|Religion||ZoroastrianThe Times of India|
|Relationships & More|
|Marital Status (at the time of death)||Widower|
|Marriage Date||22 April 1939|
• Sherry Batliwala
• Maja Daruwala (Stewardess)
|Parents||Father- Hormusji Manekshaw (Doctor)
Mother- Hilla (Homemaker)
• Fali (Elder; Engineer)
• Jan (Elder; Engineer)
• Jemi (Younger; Medical Officer of the Royal Indian Air Force)
• Sila (Elder; Teacher)
• Sheroo (Elder; Teacher)
|Car Collection||• Sunbeam Rapier
• Maruti 800
Some Lesser Known Facts About Sam Manekshaw
- Sam Maneskshaw was an Indian Army Officer who was the first officer in independent India to be conferred with the rank of Field Marshal.
- When Sam was a teenager, he wanted to go to London to study medicine and become a gynaecologist, but his father refused. He stated that his father would not let him go to London as he was very young to stay on his own. He joined the Indian Army as an act `of rebellion against his father.
- He had joined the first batch of the Indian Military Academy, Dehradun in 1932. His batch had only 40 students, and they were called the Pioneers.
- When he was injured heavily while fighting for the British Army in World War 2, his Divisional Commander, Sir David Tennent Cowan, pinned his Military Cross on Sam’s chest and said- “A dead person cannot be awarded a Military Cross”.
- In the early 1960s, a court enquiry was ordered against him, which could have ended his career. Although the charges were never revealed, it is believed that the 1962 war against China saved him and led to Manekshaw being given the command of 4 corps.
- On 8 July 1969, Sam Manekshaw was appointed as the eighth Army Chief of Staff by the Indira Gandhi Government.
- During the India-Pakistan war of 1971, Sam had led the Indian forces against Pakistan; which led to India’s victory and the creation of Bangladesh in December 1971.
- In April 1971, Indira Gandhi asked Manekshaw if the Army was ready to attack Pakistan, to which Sam stated that an untimely attack would result in a defeat. He asked her for a few months to prepare.
- In December 1971, on the eve of war, Indira Gandhi asked Sam if he was ready. Sam replied- “I’m always ready, Sweetie“.
- He was honoured with the Padma Bhushan in 1968 and the Padma Vibhushan in 1972 for his exemplary contributions towards the country.
- In January 1973, the month of his retirement, he was awarded the rank of Field Marshal. This made Sam Manekshaw the first Army officer of independent India to be awarded the highest rank of the Indian Army.
- During his career, Maneksaw had fought in 5 wars- World War 2, India Pakistan partition war, the Sino Indian War of 1962, the India Pakistan Wars of 1965 and 1971.
- He was very bold and straightforward. Sam would often take a stand against the Indian Government if he felt that the government’s decision would compromise the Army’s position in any way.
- Once he heard that the Pay Commission was going to reduce the allowance for the soldiers’ uniform. He went to the Pay Commission and stated- “Now gentlemen, you tell me, who would obey my orders if I was dressed in a crumpled dhoti and kurta“. This statement reportedly ended the debate.
- Once, in an interview, he was asked that what if he had opted for Pakistan during the partition, to which he replied- “Pakistan would have won all the wars”.
- He had always been over critical of the Government and used to protest and resist orders regularly.
- He would go to any lengths to preserve the dignity of the Indian Army and always used to resist political pressure. Reportedly, he would often threaten to resign when the Government used to intervene in the Army’s work.
- In 2019, film director Meghna Gulzar announced that she’ll be releasing a film based on Sam Manekshaw, starring Vicky Kaushal.
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- On 27 June 2008, he died of developing acute bronchopneumonia, a form of pneumonia, in the military hospital of Wellington, Tamil Nadu.
- A few days before his death, former President of India Dr APJ Abdul Kalam had gone to visit him in the military hospital where Sam was admitted.
- After his death, there was anger among many factions of the society that a very modest funeral had been given to Manekshaw. People were upset that the last rites were held in Tamil Nadu and not in New Delhi. Reportedly, people were upset that it was a disgrace to his stature. Neither the Prime Minister, the President of India nor the Army Chief was present at the funeral. People demanded that he should have been given a grander funeral given his contributions to the country.
- On 11 September 2008, the then Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi named a flyover in Ahmedabad’s Shivranjani area after him.
- On 16 December 2008, a postage stamp depicting Manekshaw in his Field Marshal’s uniform was released by the former President of India, Pratibha Patil.
- On 27 October 2009, Sam Manekshaw’s statue was unveiled near the headquarters of the Pune Cantonment on Infantry Day.
- On 3 April 2014, at the 100th birth anniversary of Sam Manekshaw, the former Army Chief, General Bikram Singh, unveiled his statue at the Manekshaw Auditorium in New Delhi. He also credited him for- “Creating a country on the globe in 13 days, in the form of Bangladesh in 1971“.
References/Sources: [ + ]
|1.||↑||The Times of India|