|Real Name||Abhas Kumar Ganguly|
|Profession(s)||Playback Singer, Actor, Composer, Lyricist, Director, Producer, and Screenwriter|
|Physical Stats & More|
|Height (approx.)||in centimeters- 173 cm
in meters- 1.73 m
in feet inches- 5’ 8”
|Weight (approx.)||in kilograms- 75 kg
in pounds- 165 lbs
|Debut||As an Actor:- Shikari (1946)
As a Singer:- Song- "Marne ki duayen kyon mangu" from the film- Ziddi (1948)
|Awards, Honours, Achievements||Filmfare
1970: Best Male Playback Singer for the song "Roop Tera Mastana" from the film Aradhana
1976: Best Male Playback Singer for the song "Dil Aisa Kisi Ne Mera" from the film Amanush
1979: Best Male Playback Singer for the song "Khaike Paan Banaras Wala" from the film Don
1981: Best Male Playback Singer for the song "Hazaar Raahen Mudke Dekheen" from the film Thodisi Bewafaii
1983: Best Male Playback Singer for the song "Pag Ghungroo Baandh" from the film Namak Halaal
1984: Best Male Playback Singer for the song "Agar Tum Na Hote" from the film Agar Tum Na Hote
1985: Best Male Playback Singer for the song "Manzilein Apni Jagah Hain" from the film Sharaabi
1986: Best Male Playback Singer for the song "Saagar Kinaare" from the film Saagar
Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards
1971: Best Male Playback Singer for Aradhana
1972: Best Male Playback Singer for Andaz
1973: Best Male Playback Singer for Hare Rama Hare Krishna
1975: Best Male Playback Singer for Kora Kagaz
|Date of Birth||4 August 1929|
|Birthplace||Khandwa, Central Provinces (Now Madhya Pradesh), British India|
|Date of Death||13 October 1987|
|Place of Death||Bombay (now, Mumbai), Maharashtra, India|
|Age (at the time of death)||58 Years|
|Death Cause||Heart Attack|
|Hometown||Khandwa, Central Provinces (Now Madhya Pradesh), British India|
|College/University||Christian College, Indore|
|Caste||Bengali Kanyakubja Brahmin|
|Address||Gouri Kunj, Kishore Kumar Ganguly Marg, Juhu, Mumbai - 400049
|Hobbies||Reading Novels, Driving, Playing Table Tennis and Football|
|Controversies||• In the mid-1980s, he developed a sour relation with Amitabh Bachchan when the actor turned down the offer of making a guest-appearance in Kishore Kumar's production venture "Mamta Ki Chhaon Mein." The singer was so upset by Amitabh's gesture that he decided to stop singing for him. However, the two made peace after Kishore sang ‘Aaya Aaya Toofan’ in Amitabh's film 'Toofan', a few years later.
• He also stopped singing for Mithun Chakraborty after his 3rd wife Yogeeta Bali divorced him to marry Mithun. However, he could not avoid singing for Mithun for long and lent his voice for Mithun's film Surakkhsha (1979) and later on for several of his hit films – Disco Dancer, Faraib (1983) and Waqt Ki Awaz (1988).
• During the Indian Emergency (1975–1977), when Sanjay Gandhi approached him to sing for an Indian National Congress (INC) rally in Mumbai, Kishore Kumar refused the offer. As a result, the then Congress Government put an unofficial ban on playing Kishore Kumar's songs on State Broadcasters Doordarshan and All India Radio from 4 May 1976 till the end of Emergency.
• In the 1960s, he had built up a notoriety for coming late for the shootings or bunking them. As his films flopped frequently, Kishore Kumar landed in the income tax trouble also.
|Relationships & More|
|Marital Status (at the time of death)||Married|
|Affairs/Girlfriends||• Ruma Guha Thakurta (Bengali Actress & Singer)
• Madhubala (Bollywood Actress)
• Yogeeta Bali (Bollywood Actress)
• Leena Chandavarkar (Bollywood Actress)
|Wife/Spouse||First Wife: Ruma Guha Thakurta (1950-1958)
Second Wife: Madhubala (1960-1969)
Third Wife: Yogeeta Bali (1975-1978)
Fourth Wife: Leena Chandavarkar (1980-1987; his death)
|Children||Son(s)- Amit Kumar (singer; with Ruma Guha Thakurta), Sumit Kumar (singer; with Leena Chandavarkar)
|Parents||Father- Kunjalal Ganguly (Gangopadhyay), Lawyer
Mother- Gouri Devi
|Siblings||Brother(s)- Ashok Kumar (Actor), Anoop Kumar (Actor)
Sister- Sati Devi
|Favourite Actor(s)||Danny Kaye (Hollywood actor), Ashok Kumar, Amitabh Bachchan, Rajesh Khanna|
|Favourite Singer||K. L. Saigal|
|Favourite Musician(s)||S. D. Burman, R. D. Burman|
|Favourite Director||Alfred Hitchcock|
|Salary (approx.)||Rs. 35000/song (as in 1960-1970)|
|Net Worth (approx.)||$1 million (as in 1980)|
Some Lesser Known Facts About Kishore Kumar
- Did Kishore Kumar smoke?: No Hindustan Times
- Did Kishore Kumar drink alcohol?: No Hindustan Times
- He was born in a Bengali Family as Abhas Kumar Ganguly.
- His father, Kunjalal Ganguly (Gangopadhyay), was a lawyer while his mother, Gouri Devi, came from a wealthy Bengali Family.
- Kamavisadar Gokhale Family of Khandwa had invited his father, Gangopadhyay, to be their personal lawyer.
- Kishore was the youngest of 4 siblings (2 brothers and 1 sister).
- While Kishore Kumar was still a child, his eldest brother, Ashok Kumar, had become an established Bollywood actor.
- Later, his elder brother, Anoop Kumar, also ventured into acting with the help of Ashok Kumar.
- Spending time with his brothers, Kishore Kumar became interested in music and films.
- Soon, Kishore Kumar became a big fan of the renowned Bollywood singer- K. L. Saigal and started to emulate his singing style. In an interview, Kishore revealed that he considered K. L. Saigal his “Guru.”
- After visiting Bombay (now Mumbai), Abhas Kumar changed his name to “Kishore Kumar” and began his film career as a chorus singer at “Bombay Talkies,” where his brother, Ashok Kumar, worked.
- Music Director Khemchand Prakash gave him a chance to sing “Marne Ki Duayen Kyon Mangu” for the film “Ziddi (1948).”
- After his first song in Ziddi, he was offered many other songs. However, he was not very serious about a film career at that time.
- In the year 1949, Kishore Kumar settled in Bombay (now Mumbai). The same year, he bought a green coloured Morris Minor car. Reportedly, he buried the car beneath his house in 1961, after the divorce with his first wife, Ruma Guha Thakurta.
- He appeared as a ‘Hero’ in the film Andolan (1951) directed by Phani Majumdar.
- Ashok Kumar wanted him to become an actor. However, Kishore Kumar was more interested in becoming a singer.
- The Legend Music Director, S. D. Burman, is credited with spotting Kishore Kumar’s talent for singing. In the year 1950, it was during the making of “Mashaal” that S. D. Burman visited Ashok Kumar’s house and heard Kishore Kumar imitating K. L. Saigal. After complimenting Kishore Kumar for his good voice, Burman suggested him to develop his own style of singing, instead of copying Saigal.
- He had also acted in Hrishikesh Mukherjee’s directorial debut Musafir (1957).
- The Music Director for the film, Naukri (1954), Salil Chowdhury, was initially dismissive of Kishore Kumar as a singer when he found that Kishore Kumar had not attained any formal training in music. However, after hearing his voice, he gave Kishore the song “Chhota Sa Ghar Hoga,” which was supposed to be sung by Hemant Kumar.
- As an actor, Kishore Kumar had appeared in several hit films like “Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi (1958),” “Half Ticket (1962),” “Padosan (1968),” etc.
- Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi (1958) was his home production, in which the three Ganguly brothers and Madhubala were in lead roles.
- Music Director, Salil Chowdhury, had a duet in mind for the song “Aake Seedhi Lagi Dil Pe” from the film Half Ticket (1962) and wanted Lata Mangeshkar and Kishore Kumar to sing the song. However, due to unavailability of Lata, Kishore Kumar had to sing both the male and female parts of the song himself. The duet was actually picturised on Pran and Kishore Kumar, in which Kishore Kumar was dressed as a woman.
- Kishore Kumar is famous for his “Yodeling” style of singing, which he had learned from the records of Jimmie Rodgers and Tex Morton.
- The Legend Music Director, R. D. Burman and Kishore Kumar had a great bonding with each other and the duo had worked in several hit films like Taxi Driver (1954), Funtoosh (1956), Paying Guest (1957), Guide (1965), Jewel Thief (1967), Prem Pujari (1970), etc.
- Kishore Kumar and Asha Bhosle have performed several duets composed by R. D. Burman like “Chhod Do Aanchal” from Paying Guest (1957), “Haal Kaisa Hai Janaab Ka” and “Paanch Rupaiya Baara Aana” from Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi (1958).
- The film Jhumroo (1961), was produced and directed by Kishore Kumar. He also acted in and composed its music. He wrote the lyrics for the film’s title song- “Main Hoon Jhumroo” too.
- Ha had also produced and directed the 1964 film “Door Gagan Ki Chhaon Mein.” He composed the music and wrote the script for the film too. In the film, Kishore Kumar and his son, Amit Kumar, played the role of father and son, respectively.
- His songs ‘Kora Kagaj Tha Ye Man Mera,’ ‘Mere Sapnon Ki Rani,’ and ‘Roop Tera Mastana’ from the 1969 film Aradhana, established him as a leading Bollywood playback singer. He also won his first “Filmfare Award” for “Roop Tera Mastana.”
- Kishore Kumar’s voice is supposed to be the reason behind the stardom of Rajesh Khanna; as many of his films had songs of Kishore Kumar, which were chartbusters of that period.
- Kishore Kumar is considered the most versatile singer of Bollywood; as he was known for moulding his voice-pitch according to the actor on the screen.
- Besides Rajesh Khanna, Kishore Kumar became the voice for many other actors too including Dharmendra, Amitabh Bachchan, Sanjeev Kumar, Jeetendra, Shammi Kapoor, Dev Anand, Shashi Kapoor, Vinod Khanna, Mithun Chakraborty, Raaj Kumar, Dilip Kumar, Aditya Pancholi, Rishi Kapoor, Randhir Kapoor, Naseeruddin Shah, Anil Kapoor, Sanjay Dutt, Sunny Deol, Pran, Rakesh Roshan, Rajinikanth, Vinod Mehra, Kumar Gaurav, Chunky Pandey, Jackie Shroff, and Govinda.
- In an interview, Kishore Kumar revealed that the song “Badi Sooni Sooni Hai” from the film Mili (1975) was the most favourite song of his. It was also the last song composed by S. D. Burman.
- In the 1970s, Kishore Kumar recorded several songs with R. D. Burman. The duo has given a number of melodious songs to the Indian Cinema like- ‘Yeh Jo Mohabbat Hai’ and ‘Yeh Shaam Mastaani’ from Kati Patang (1971), ‘O Maajhi Re’ from Khushboo, ‘Chingari Koi Bhadke’ from Amar Prem, ‘Raat Kali Ek Khwab Mein Aayi’ from Buddha Mil Gaya and more.
- Although Kishore Kumar had no formal training in classical music, R. D. Burman often had Kishore sing semi-classical songs like “Mere Naina Saawan Bhadon” from Mehbooba and “Humein Tum Se Pyaar Kitna” from Kudrat.
- His last appearance as an actor was for the film Door Wadiyon Mein Kahin (1980).
- Kishore married 4 times. When he proposed to his second wife, Madhubala, she was suffering from Ventricular Septal Defect (hole in the heart) and was planning to go to London for treatment.
- To marry Madhubala, Kishore Kumar converted to Islam and reportedly, changed his name to Karim Abdul. Kishore Kumar’s parents refused the marriage and never truly accepted Madhubala as Kishore’s wife.
- According to sources, the 1971 classic film- Anand was initially offered to Kishore Kumar and Mehmood, instead of Amitabh Bachchan and Rajesh Khanna. However, when Hrishikesh Mukherjee visited Kishore Kumar’s house, he was shooed away by Kumar’s watchman. Actually, Kishore Kumar, who was not paid by a Bengali organizer for a stage show had instructed his watchman to shoo away that Bengali, if he ever visited his house, and the gatekeeper, unknowingly, shooed away Hrishikesh Mukherjee.
- Reportedly, Kishore Kumar often used to get paranoid about not being paid and would sing only after receiving full payment by the producers. On one such occasion, when he came to know that he had not been fully paid, he visited the set with makeup on only one side of his face. When the director asked him, he replied “Aadha Paisa to Aadha make-up.” (Half make-up for half payment). On another occasion, when a producer named R. C. Talwar did not pay his dues, Kishore arrived at his residence shouting “Hey Talwar, De De Mere Aath Hazaar” every morning until Talwar paid up.
- To pay his tax arrears, he also used to do live shows.
- In spite of his “No Money, No Work” principle, sometimes he recorded free even when the producers were willing to pay him more. On one such occasion, he helped Bipin Gupta (actor-turned-producer) by giving him Rs. 20,000 for the film Dal Mein Kala (1964).
- There are many reports about Kumar’s seemingly eccentric behavior. He had placed a signboard at the door of his “Warden Road Flat” that said, “Beware of Kishore.” According to one reported incident, when producer-director, G. P. Sippy, visited his bungalow, he saw Kishore going out in his car and when Sippy asked Kishore to stop his car, he increased his car’s speed. Sippy chased Kishore to Madh Island where he finally stopped his car. When Sippy questioned his abnormal behaviour, Kishore refused to recognise him and threatened to call the police. When next day, they met, an angry Sippy questioned Kishore about his strange behaviour the previous day, Kumar replied that Sippy must have dreamt the incident and said that he was in Khandwa (Madhya Pradesh) on the previous day.
- Kishore Kumar had endorsed the Brylcreem and was also a user of it.
- He never enjoyed the media attention and had devised his own way to stay away from the limelight. In his living room, he had placed skulls and bones in red lights and sounds backing them to shoo away the unwanted visitors.
- He loved to play Table Tennis.
- Throughout his life, Kishore Kumar was a loner. In an interview with Pritish Nandy, Kumar said that he had no friends. Once, when a journalist asked Kishore how lonely he must be, he took her to his garden, named some of the trees and introduced them to the journalist as his closest friends. On his loneliness, Kishore said-
Look, I don’t smoke, drink or socialize. I never go to parties. If that makes me a loner, fine. I am happy this way. I go to work and I come back straight home. To watch my horror movies, play with my spooks, talk to my trees, sing. In this avaricious world, every creative person is bound to be lonely. How can you deny me that right?”
- Kishore Kumar holds the record (8 times) for winning the most number of Filmfare Awards for the Best Playback Singer, so far.
- He was a habitual reader of Novels.
- On 13 October 1987, on his elder brother, Ashok Kumar’s 76th birthday, he died of a heart attack in Mumbai at 4:45 pm. His body was cremated at his hometown Khandwa in Madhya Pradesh.
- His last song was “Guru Guru”- a duet with Asha Bhosle for the film Waqt Ki Aawaz (1988). The song was composed by Bappi Lahiri; featuring Mithun Chakraborty and Sridevi. The song was recorded the day before he died.
- He gave his last interview to Lata Mangeshkar.
- On 4 August 2014, on his 85th birth anniversary, search engine Google showed a special Doodle on its home page for Kishore Kumar.
- Reportedly, Kishore Kumar had never been an alcoholic or a smoker throughout his life; however, one thing that he was addicted to was ‘tea.’
- His songs are considered evergreen and even today, a wide range of people across the globe listens to Kishore Kumar’s songs.
- Whether it is Kumar Sanu, Mohit Chauhan, or Arijit Singh, the established as well as the budding singers in India, idolize Kishore Kumar in one or the other way.
- Among the Cricketers, Sanjay Manjrekar, Sachin Tendulkar, Shoaib Akhtar, etc., all are big fans of Kishore Kumar’s songs. In fact, Kishore Kumar’s evergreen numbers are a part of Indian batting legend Sachin Tendulkar’s routine.
- Reportedly, an official biopic on Kishore Kumar is being made by Anurag Basu; featuring Ranbir Kapoor as Kishore Kumar.
- In July 2017, the Khandwa District Collector stayed the demolition of the Ganguli House in Khandwa (Madhya Pradesh), the ancestral house of legendary singer Kishore Kumar and his brothers. The collector, Abhishekh Singh, said,
A lot of sentiments of music lovers and locals are attached to this house, so I have stayed the demolition.”
Earlier, a notice announcing the demolition had been pasted at the two-storey house by the Khandwa Municipal Commissioner. The notice read-
The house is in a dilapidated condition and can fall down anytime, causing harm to people. It is not fit for habitation and should be vacated and within 24 hours.”
- During his last days, the singer wanted to return to Khandwa, a wish which remained unfulfilled with his death on October 13, 1987. When asked why did he want to leave Mumbai for Khandwa, he said-
Who can live in this stupid, friendless city where everyone seeks to exploit you every moment of the day? Can you trust anyone out here? Is anyone trustworthy? Is anyone a friend you can count on? I am determined to get out of this futile rat race and live as I’ve always wanted to. In my native Khandwa, the land of my forefathers. Who wants to die in this ugly city?”
References/Sources: [ + ]
|1, 2.||↑||Hindustan Times|